Constitution of India – Questions and Answers

The constitution is the fundamental law of a country under which the people have to be governed. Indian constitution established a parliamentary system of government that is to say that the President of the Union is the Constitutional head of the state.

  1. Who is the authority to appoint Chief Information Commission? – President
  2. When did the Right for Information came in to effect? – 2005
  3. The law by which people are asked to submit to Government accounts of dealing in foreign currency is? – FEMA (Foreign Exchange Management Act.)
  4. The title of Governor General of India was substituted for that of Governor General of Bengal under the charter act of? – 1833
  5. The planning commission in India was set up in the year? – 1950
  6. The Right to Information Act 2005, came into effect full – 12th October
  7. Most of the Constitution of India has been erected on the debris of – Govt. of India Act, 1935
  8. The British crown assumed soveregnty over India from East India Company, through the – Govt of India Act, 1858
  9. Minto-Morley Reforms were introduced in – 1909
  10. What was also known as MontagueChelmsford Reforms? – Govt. of India Act, 1919
  11. The reform which introduced the element of election in indirect manner for the first time – Indian Council Act, 1892
  12. The first attempt to introduce representative and popular element was – Minto-Morley Reforms
  13. The Act which introduced diarchy or dual government for the first time – Govt. of India Act, 1919
  14. The administrative reform that introduced the element of direct election for the first time – Indian Council Act, 1909
  15. Indian Councils Act 1909 was also known as – Minto-Morley Reforms
  16. Which Act provided separate electorate for muslim community for the first time? – Indian Council Act, 1909
  17. Indian Legislature was made bicameral for the first time in through – Govt. of India Act, 1919
  18. The Act which introduced federal structure for India for the first time? – Govt. of India Act, 1935
  19. The last Act passed by the British Parliament in respect of the administration of India – Indian Independence Act
  20. The first Act passed by the British Parliament for the administration of India – The Regulating Act, 1773
  21. The shortest Act passed by the British Parliament in respect of the administration of India – Indian Independence Act
  22. The Act which ended the diarchy in provinces and granted autonomy – Govt. of India Act, 1935
  23. Which Act redesignated the Governor General of Bengal as the Governor General of India? – Charter Act, 1833
  24. Under which Act the post of Governor General of India was renamed ‘Viceroy of India’? – Govt of India Act, 1858
  25. Which Act transferred the administration of India from the British hands to the Indian hands completely? – Indian Independence Act
  26. The Indian Independence Act got the assent of the British King on – 18th July 1947
  27. The Act which granted opportunity to Indians to members in the Viceroy’s Executive Council? – Indian Council Act, 1909
  28. Indian politics was brought under the influence of the British Parliament for the first time through – The Regulating Act, 1773
  29. Which Act by the British Parliament made provisions for appointment of a Governor General for the administration of the areas under the East India Company? – The Regulating Act, 1773
  30. Which Act envisaged provisions for the establishment of a federal court for India? – Govt. of India Act, 1935
  31. Under which Act Burma (Myanmar) was separated from British India? – Govt. of India Act, 1935
  32. In the constitution of India, fundamental rights are mentioned in – Part-II
  33. Who announces credit policy of India – Prime Minister
  34. Sarkaria Commission is related to – Centre-State relations

Six Freedoms

Article 19 guarantees six fundamental freedoms to all citizens

  • Freedom of speech and expression
  • To assemble peacefully and without arms
  • To form associations or unions or co-operative societies
  • to move throughout the territory of India
  • To reside and settle in any part of the territory of India
  • To practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business

Fundamental rights in India

  • Right to Equality (14 to 18)
  • Right to Freedom (19 to 22)
  • Right against Exploitation (23 & 24)
  • Right to freedom of Religion (25 to 28)
  • Cultural and Educational Rights (29 to 30)
  • Right to constitutional Remedies (32)
  • Right to Property (Article 300 A)

Important wildlife acts

  • Wild life Protection Act – 1972
  • Project Tiger – 1973
  • Water Pollution Control Act – 1974
  • Forest Protection Act – 1980
  • Air Pollution Control Act – 1981
  • Ministry of Central Forest and Environment – 1985
  • Project Elephant – 1992

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