Kerala Water Authority
1.Surveying and Levelling -I
Divisions of survey, Principles,Classifications, plans or maps, scales, errors, Accuracy of surveying, chaining, chain triangulation, Survey stations, fieldbook, crosstaflf survey. Theory of Prismatic and surveyor’s compass, local attraction, dip & declination, plane tabling, advantages & disadvantages ,Two and three point problems. Leveling instruments, benchmark, classifications, contouring, characteristics, Earthwork calculation,
2.Building Materials and construction
Manufacture of Bricks, characteristic of bricks, study of Lime, sand and cement Timber, seasoning of timber Principles and construction in brick masonry, Types of bonds, Type of foundations, DPC ,Arches, lintels, stairs, Door and windows Roofs and its types, kingpost and Queen Post truss ,Planning and Designing of building, Principles and dimensioning,Principles of Orthographic Projection.
3.Surveying and Levelling-II
Defenition and terms and Theodolite Measurement of Horizontal and Vertical angles. Fundamental lines and relations ,consecutive co-ordinates, omitted measurements. Gales Traverse Table, Area calculation, Permanent adjustments setting out works ,Tacheometric Surveying.
Aims and objectives, Tools used in plumbing fixtures, Basic achievements Drainage and sewerage System, Drainge of waste water, Purifications of water, Public health engineering, systems of sanitation, sewers and drains, septic tank plumbing sanitary fixing.
Principles of Road allignment, Classification of roads, WBM road, Methods and construction of roads. Road arboriculture.
Types, Duty of water, Headworks ,Earthern bunds and dam ,Inlets and outlets, Tanks, Hydrology.