Facts about the world – Questions and Answers

  1. Largest Forest – Coniferous Forests of Northern Russia
  2. Largest Temple – Angkor Wat (Cambodia)
  3. Largest Buddha Temple – Borobudur (Indonesia)
  4. Largest Church – St. Peter’s Basilica (Rome)
  5. Largest Masjid – Masjid al – Haram (Saudi Arabia)
  6. Largest Embassy – US Embassy in Baghdad
  7. Largest Port – Shanghai (China)
  8. Largest Dam – Three Gorges Dam (China)
  9. Largest Palace – Imperial Palace (Beijing)
  10. Largest Women’s University – Princess Nora Bint Abdulrahman University (Saudi Arabia)
  11. Largest Bank – World Bank (Washington)
  12. Highest Lake – Titicaca (Bolivia)
  13. Biggest Car Manufacturer – Toyota
  14. Longest Road – Pan American Highway
  15. Largest riverine island – Bananal Island (Brazil)
  16. Largest archipelago – Indonesia
  17. Largest Hot Desert – Sahara (Africa)
  18. Largest Cold Desert – Gobi (Mongolia)
  19. Largest Mountain Range – Himalayas
  20. Largest Active Volcano – Mauna Loa
  21. Largest Volcano – Tamu Massif (Pacific)
  22. Largest Landmass – The Eurasian Landmass
  23. Largest City (population) – Tokyo (Japan)
  24. Largest Democracy – India
  25. Largest Electorate – India
  26. Largest Parliament – The National People’s Congress (China)
  27. Largest National Park – Greenland National Park (Green land)
  28. Largest Animal – Blue While
  29. Largest Land Animal – African Bush Elephant
  30. Largest Carnivorous Mammal – Elephant Seal (Polar Bear is the second)
  31. Largest Bird – Ostrich
  32. Largest Sea Bird – Albatross
  33. Largest Continent – Asia
  34. Largest Ocean – Pacific Ocean
  35. Largest Sea – South China Sea
  36. Largest inland sea – Mediterranean Sea
  37. Longest River – Nile
  38. Largest River – Amazon
  39. Largest river basin – Amazon
  40. Largest Saltwater Lake – Caspian Sea
  41. Largest freshwater lake – Lake Baikal (by volume), Lake Superior (by area)
  42. Largest artificial lake – Lake Volta
  43. Largest Bay – Hudson Bay
  44. Largest Gulf – Gulf of Mexico
  45. Largest Gorge – Grand Canyon (USA)
  46. Largest Delta – Sunderbans (India & Bangladesh)
  47. Largest Reef – Great Barrier Reef (Australia)
  48. Largest Peninsula – Arabia
  49. Largest Island – Greenland
  50. Smallest continent  –  Australia
  51. Smallest Ocean  –  Arctic
  52. Smallest Republic  – Nauru
  53. Smallest Colony  –  Gibraltar
  54. Smallest Country  – Vatican
  55. Smallest landmass –  The Australian Mainland
  56. Smallest bird  –  Humming bird
  57. Smallest flowering plant  –  Wolfia
  58. Smallest and coldest planet  –  Pluto
  59. The biggest airport – King Khalid International Airport (Saudi Arabia)
  60. The biggest bank – The World Bank (Washington)
  61. The biggest statue – The Statue of Liberty
  62. The biggest church – St.Peters Basilica (Vatican)
  63. The biggest Buddha temple – Borobudar ( Indonesia)
  64. The biggest palace – The Imperial Palace
  65. The biggest railway station – Grand Central Terminal (New York)
  66. The biggest airlines – Aerofloat (Russia)
  67. The biggest stadium – Strahov Stadium (Czechoslovakia)
  68. The least populous country – Vatican
  69. The most populous country – China
  70. The lengthiest day – June 21
  71. The shortest day – December 22
  72. To which country does Hamid Karzai belong? Afganistan
  73. The year of American war of Independence? – 1775
  74. The only one Roman Catholic country in Asia? – Philipines
  75. A country owns the same name for it and its currency.Name that currency? – Zaire
  76. Which number does the Roman letter D stand for? – 500
  77. Name the educational institution established by Plato? – Academy.
  78. Pentagon refers to – The defense department of USA
  79. In which country is Jafna situated – Sri Lanka
  80. Industrial Revolution began in – England
  81. ‘Diet’ is a parliament of – Japan
  82. The consumer rights were first enumerated in the year 1962 in – USA
  83. The father of Alexander? – Philip
  84. The province of Alexander? – Macedonia
  85. In which place did Alexander die? – Babylonia
  86. In which year did Alexander capture Kabul? – B.C.327
  87. Who introduced the Subsidiary Alliance? – Lord Vellesly
  88. The first president of Philippines – Ramon Magsaysay
  89. The first president of Indonesia – Dr. Sukarno
  90. Name of the country which attacked India in 1962 – China
  91. The headquarters of the U.N – Genoa.
  92. Name of the countries unitedly known as G-3 – The U.S.A, European Union and Japan
  93. Who discovered America – Christopher Columbus
  94. Which country is called the Land of Smile – Thailand
  95. The country which owns the most established newspaper in the world – Japan
  96. Who become the king of Iraq at the age of 3 after his father’s death – Faisal
  97. In which country did the Industrial Revolution first take place – England
  98. The name of the Russian Parliament – Dumas
  99. Name the book written by Adolf Hitler – Mein Keif
  100. How many passengers were on board when the Titanic Sunk – 2224
  101. The first countries to emerge in Europe – Britain, France
  102. The holy franc is the currency of – Switzerland
  103. Who made the historical Gettysburg speech – Abraham Lincoln
  104. The present name of unified Germany – Federal Republic of Germany.
  105. Who was the engineer behind the building of Suez Canal – Ferdinand de Lessps
  106. Yercaud is known as – Hill statin
  107. There are number of schedules in Indian Constitution? 12
  108. Sayonara  is the expression for farewell in – Japanese
  109. When was the first Atom Bomb exploded? – 1945
  110. Centre of origin of Rubber – Brazil
  111. Largest democracy in the world – India
  112. The first democracy in the world – Greece
  113. Which country called as the cradle of democracy – Greece
  114. Longest surviving democracy in the world – Britain
  115. Land of Modern democracy – Britain
  116. Bible of Modern democracy – Social Contract (Rousseau)
  117. Home of ‘Direct Democracy’ – Switzerland 
  118. The first man to set foot on the moon was Neil Armstrong on July 20, 1969. He and Edwin Aldrin landed on the moon from Apollo II.
  119. The first man to go in to space was Yuri Gagarin (1961) and first woman to go in to space was Valentina Tereskova (1963). Both them were from Russia. Sally Ride was the first American woman in space.
  120. First Asian and Indian women go to space was Kalpana Chawla (1997).
  121. The first artificial satellite in orbit was Sputnik I, launched in 1957 by USSR.
  122. Rabindranath Tagore was the first Asian to win the Nobel Prize. He won it in 1913 for his book “Gitanjali”
  123. The first man to walk in space was Alexi Leonov of Russia (1965).
  124. The first men to climb Mount Everest were Tensing Norgay of  India and Edmund Hillary of New Zealand  in 1953.
  125. The president of the Chinese Republic was Sun Yat Sen (1921-1925).
  126. The first President of USA was George Washington (1789-1797)
  127. The first secretary-General of the U.N. was Trygve Lie of Norway (1946-1953).
  128. The first woman judge of the International Court of Justice was Rosalyn Higgins of Britain (1955).
  129. The first woman Prime Minister of a country Sririmavo Bandaranaike of Sri Lanka (1960).
  130. The first woman President of a country was Maria Estela Peron of Argentina.
  131. The first woman climb Mount Everest was Junko Tabi of Japan.
  132. The first woman to reach the North Pole was Ann Bancroft (1986) and the first man to reach the North Pole was Robert Peary (1906).
  133. Copper was the first metal discovered by man.
  134. The first man to reach the south pole was Roald Amundsen in 1911.
  135. The first heart transplant was done by Christian Bernard. The first heart transplant in India was done by Dr. Venugopal.
  136. The first test tube was Louise Brown (1978) of England.
  137. The first country to issue postage stamp was Britain in 1840.
  138. Theodore Roosevelt was the first American President to receive a Nobel Prize (1906).
  139. China was the first country to start Family Planning Programme (1952).
  140. First Asian woman to cross the English Channel : Arati Saha (India-1959).
  141. First pope to visit India : Pope Paul VI (1964).
  142. The first woman President of U.N General Assembly : Vijayalakshmi Pandit (India; 1953).
  143. First Asian to win Wimbledon Trophy  : Arthur Ashe
  144. First athlete who won eight gold medals in individual events in one Olympic Games : –  Michael Phelps
  145. First blind man to scale Mt. Everest:-    Erik Weihenmayaer
  146. First city to be attacked with Atom bomb:   Heroshima (Japan)
  147. First country to host the modern Olympic Games:  Greece
  148. First country to issue paper currency : China
  149. First space vehicle to land on the moon – Lunar Exploration Module (LEM) nicknamed ‘Eagle’
  150. First space ship which carried three American Astronauts to land two of them to moon – Apollo-11
  151. First country to send nuclear powered space craft to explore Jupiter – USA
  152. First country to launch satellite into space : Russia (former USSR)
  153. First country to make a constitution: United States of America
  154. First country to send human to Moon:United States of America
  155. First man to set foot on the Moon: Nell Armstrong (U.S.A)
  156. First men to climb Mt. Everest: Sherpa Tenzing Norgay & Sir Edmund Hillary (29th May ,1953)
  157. First men to fly an aeroplane: Wright Brothers
  158. First Person in Space : Yuri Gagarin
  159. First religion of the world : Santosh Dharma
  160. First secretary general of United Nations : Trigve Li
  161. First University of the world :Taxila University
  162. First woman of the world to climb Mt.Everest: Lakpa Sherpa
  163. Group of Eight (G-8) – The world’s most industrialized nations from G-8. They are U.S.A, U.K, France, Japan, Italy, Canada, Germany and Russia.
  164. Asian Development Bank has its headquarters at – Tokyo
  165. The Governor-General of India, who was impeached by the British Parliament was – Hastings
  166. A country whose currency is not the Euro? – Switzerland

Nicknames of famous Personalities

  1. Light of the world – Jesus
  2. African Gandhi – Dr. Kenneth Kaunda
  3. Fuehrer / Fuhrer – Hitler
  4. Iron Lady – Margaret Thatcher
  5. Bard of Avon – William Shakespeare
  6. Maiden Queen – Queen Elizabeth I
  7. Banga Bandhu – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  8. The wizard of Menlopark – Edison

National Trees

  1. Australia – Acacia
  2. Germany – Oak
  3. America – Oak
  4. England – Oak
  5. Albania – Olive
  6. Pakistan – Devadaru
  7. Bhutan – Cypress
  8. Canada – Maple
  9. Bangladesh – Mango Tree
  10. Russia – Birch
  11. Finland – Birch
  12. China – Ginkgo
  13. Saudi Arabia – Date Palm
  14. Japan – Cherry Blossom
  15. Maldives – Coconut
  16. India – Banyan

Leaders Behind the Independence

  1. Gandhiji – India
  2. Shaik Mujeebur Rahman –  Bangladesh
  3. Mao Zedong – China
  4. Fidel Castro – Cuba
  5. Arch Bishop Makarios – cypress
  6. Charles de Gaulle – France
  7. Kwame Nkrumah – Ghana
  8. Sukarno – Indonesia
  9. Garibaldi – Italy
  10. Jomo Kenyatta – Kenya
  11. Nelson Mandela – South Africa
  12. V.I Lenin – Russia (Soviet Union)
  13. Julius Nyerere – Tanzania
  14. Kemal Ataturk – Turkey
  15. George Washington – USA
  16. Marshal Tito – Yugoslavia
  17. Patrice Lumumba – Congo (Zaire)
  18. Kenneth Kaunda – Zambia

World Vehicle Manufactures

  1. General Motors – USA
  2. Ford Motors – USA
  3. Toyota Motors – Japan
  4. Honda Motors – Japan
  5. Nissan Motors – Japan
  6. Mitsubishi Motors – Japan
  7. Daimler-Benz – Germany
  8. Daewoo – South Korea
  9. Hyundai – South Korea
  10. Fiat – Italy
  11. Peugeot – France

National Flowers

  • Australia – Golden Wattle
  • Bangladesh – Water Lilly
  • Canada – Maple Leaf
  • France – Iris
  • Germany – Cornflowers
  • Japan – Chrysanthemum
  • Pakistan – Jasmine
  • Russia – Chamomile
  • Spain – Carnation
  • USA – Golden Rose
  • Egypt – Lotus
  • South Korea – Hibiscus
  • Malaysia – Hibiscus
  • Rose – is the national flower of Iraq, America, Romania, Bulgaria and Maldives

African countries and their capitals

Country Capital
Morocco Rabat
Algeria Algiers
Tunisia Tunis
Libya Tripoli
Egypt Cairo
Sudan Khartoum
Djibouti Djibouti
Eritrea Asmara
Somalia Mogadishu
Uganda Kampala
Rwanda Kigali
Kenya Nairobi
Tanzania Dodoma
Congo Kinshasa
Burundi Bujumbura
Angola Luanda
Zambia Lusaka
Zimbabwe Harare
Mozambique Maputo
Botswana Gaborone
Namibia Windhoek
Malawi Lilongwe
Nigeria Abuja
Ghana Accra
South Africa Cape Town
Swaziland Mbabane
Cameroon Yaounde
Liberia Monrovia
Mali Bamako
Senegal Dakar
Sierra Leone Free Town
Tongo Lome
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou
Chad ‘N’Djamena
Gabon Libreville
Ethiopia Addis Ababa
Seychelles Victoria

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